» Assessment Resources

The available books and publications on assessment are listed below by topic. They may be borrowed from the Office of the Provost by contacting (714) 628-7349, or you may stop by Memorial Hall 212E.

The Assessment Committee and the Office of Institutional Effectiveness periodically offer assessment related workshops. These workshops typically include assessment basics, rubric development, annual learning outcomes assessment writing, updates on higher education accountability issues, and reporting assessment data. For the current listing of workshops taking place this term, please contact Dr. Paul Kang (pkang@chapman.edu).

Toggle Section

Assessment - General

What is Assessment?, California State University, Fullerton
  • Provides examples and rationale to define what is assessment and what is not considered assessment 
Closing the Loop: Types and Examples of Change, California State University, Fullerton
  • Describes six types of change that can be implemented to improve program performance using evidence gathered from assessment
9 Principles of Good Practice for Assessing Student Learning, San Diego State University
  • Developed by the American Association for Higher Education (AAHE), a guiding list of principles for those involved in the assessment process
Engaging Others in the Program Improvement Process, California State University, Long Beach
  • Explains how programs and universities can involve others (students, faculty, board members, campus community) to identify and interpret data collected during assessment
How to Create a Curriculum Map, University of Hawai'i, Manoa 
  • Answers the following questions: what is it, why do it, what does it look like, how is it created, and what are some best practices?
Excel for Assessment, Loyola Marymount University
  • Instructions for setting up and using Microsoft Excel spreadsheets for organizing data, summarizing scores, and determining what this data says about student learning
Analysis of Assessment Results, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
  • Offers information regarding preparing effective assessment plans and reports, and the value of assessment results

Assessment Methods

Designing Exams for Assessment, Loyola Marymount University 
  • Webpage detailing how to plan and write exams, test for understanding, and use student response to exam items as a method of assessment 
Considerations for Selecting Methods to Measure Student Learning, Loyola Marymount University 
  • Defines direct and indirect measures and lists examples of each, includes guidelines for selecting an appropriate measure, and explains the properties of good measurement techniques 
How to Conduct a Focus Group, Pepperdine University 
  • Offers guiding points and a step by step process for conducting a focus group in order to collect indirect data such as student experience and perceptions for assessment
How to Conduct an Interview, Pepperdine University 
  • Provides a step by step list of ways to make the interview process as productive as possible and tips for writing effective interview questions
Assessing Classroom Participation, Santa Clara University 
  • Article describes 3 modes of classroom participation, presents a case study, and lists various models for assessing participation as well as 6 strategies to more evenly distribute participation
How to Choose a Method to Collect Data, University of Hawai'i, Manoa 
  • Provides information regarding the benefits and drawbacks of specific direct and indirect data-collection methods, and a checklist to evaluate your choice of data-collection method
How to Develop a Capstone Experience, University of Hawai'i, Manoa 
  • Offers a comprehensive overview of the capstone experience and guidance for creating and utilizing capstones for program assessment 
Using Portfolios in Program Assessment, University of Hawai'i, Manoa 
  • Website is laid out in distinct sections including what is a portfolio, how can they be used for data-collection, pros and cons, creating and designing portfolios, e-portfolios, guiding questions, and helpful links
Survey Basics: Examples and Errors, University of San Diego 
  • Worksheet outlines strategies to develop effective survey questions that will provide meaningful data and minimize sources of error involved in conducting surveys

Learning Outcomes

Writing Student Learning OutcomesLaney College
  • Provides guidelines for writing student learning outcomes as well as examples written by Laney College instructors for various courses
Student Learning Outcome Examples, California State University, Fullerton 
  • Lists examples of student learning outcomes from multiple institutions covering a range of majors, core competencies, and subjects 
Bloom's Taxonomy Action Verbs, Santa Clara University 
  • Defines the six learning domains of Bloom's taxonomy and lists verbs that correspond to each one that are useful when designing learning outcomes 
How to Develop Program Student Learning Outcomes, University of Hawai'i, Manoa 
  • Comprehensive overview providing information about the purpose of learning outcomes as well as how to develop them and links to additional resources 
Placing Program, Course, and General Education Learning Outcomes in Course Syllabi, Chapman University 
  • Includes multiple examples of integrating learning outcomes in course syllabi 
Guidelines and Tips for Writing Effective, Measurable Program Learning Outcomes, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
  • Provides guidelines, tips, and examples to help develop effective and measurable program learning outcomes 

Examples of Outcomes in Syllabi, Chapman University  

ACTG 312
  • Financial Reporting and Statement Analysis Syllabus 
AT 270
  • Statistics in Athletic Training and Health Sciences Syllabus 
BIOL 208
  • Introduction to Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology
COM 101
  • Public Speaking 
FTV 305
  • Desktop Publishing 
MUS 102
  • Compendium of Western Music


Rubric for Class Participation, Santa Clara University
  • Sample rubric listing specific criteria to be evaluated for participation within the classroom.
Project Design Rubric, Santa Clara University
  • Rubric for educators to use when desiging project based learning activities.
Rubric Development Worksheet, University of San Francisco 
  • Step by step worksheet to use when creating rubrics offering a template and suggestions.
Creating and Using Rubrics, University of Hawaii at Manoa 
  • Comprehensive webpage offering information on rubrics as well as the process of creating them.
Rubric Bank, University of Hawaii at Manoa 
  • A collection of rubrics covering the subjects and competencies evaluated within assessment.
Rubric Bank, Santa Clara University
  • A collection of rubrics covering the subjects and competencies evaluated within assessment.

Additional References and Resources

Resources Gathered by Other Universities 

Books on Assessment, California State University, Fullerton 

Assessment Resources, Occidental College

Assessment Resources, Loyola Marymount University  


Author  Title 
Walvoord Assessment Clear and Simple 
Diamond Designing & Assessing Courses and Curricula 
National Center for Higher Education Management Systems Assessment Update: The First Ten Years 
Mathematical Association of America Assessment Practices in Undergraduate Mathematics 
Angelo and Cross

Classroom Assessment Techniques: A Handbook for College Teachers 

Banta Building a Scholarship of Assessment 
Driscoll and Wood

Developing Outcomes-Based Assessment for Learner-Centered  Education: A Faculty Introduction

Palomba and Banta Assessment Essentials 
Banta, Lund, Black, and Oblander Assessment in Practice 
Maki and Borkowski The Assessment of Doctoral Education 
Miller The Assessment of College Performance 
Ewell Assessing Educational Outcomes 
Astin Assessment for Excellence 
Miller  Assessment in Cycles of Improvement AAC&U Periodical
Ewell and Lisensky Assessing Institutional Effectiveness 
Musil  Assessing Global Learning AAC&U Periodical
Garcia, Hudgins, Musil, Nettles, and Smith Assessing Campus Diversity Initiatives: A Guide for Campus Practitioners 
ACT College Assessment Planning 
Allen Assessing Academic Programs in Higher Education 
National Research Council Knowing What Students Know 
Wiggins Educative Assessment 
Brown and Glasner Assessment Matters in Higher Education 
Cutright Annotated Bibliography on Assessment of the First College Year 
Siegel Primer on Assessment of the First College 
New Leadership Alliance

Committing to Quality: Guidelines for Assessment and Accountability in Higher Education 

Suskie Assessing Student Learning: A Common Sense Guide
Palomba and Banta Assessing Student Competence in Accredited Disciplines
McMillan Assessing Students’ Learning
Wiggins Assessing Student Performance
Halpern Student Outcomes Assessment: What Institutions Stand to Gain
Anderson and Speck

Changing the Way We Grade Student Performance: Classroom Assessment and the New Learning Paradigm

Sternberg, Penn, and Hawkins  Assessing College Student Learning AAC&U Periodical

Our Students’ Best Work: A Framework for Accountability Worthy of Our Mission AAC&U Periodical

Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education Framework for Assessing Learning and Development Outcomes
CHEA Institute for Research and Study of Accreditation and Quality Assurance U.S. Accreditation and the Future of Quality Assurance
Greene New Directions for Evaluation
Allen Outcomes Assessment Handbook
Borden and Banta Using Performance Indicators to Guide Strategic Decision Making

 General Education Assessment 

Author  Title 
Allen Assessing General Education Programs 

Making Progress? What We Know About The Achievements of Liberal Education Outcomes AAC&U Periodical


Revising General Education—and Avoiding the Potholes AAC&U Periodical

Leskes and Miller 

General Education AAC&U Periodical

Leskes and Wright  The Art & Science of Assessing General Education Outcomes AAC&U Periodical
Ferguson  Advancing Liberal Education: Assessment Practices on Campus AAC&U Periodica

General Education and the Assessment Reform Agenda AAC&U Periodical

Leskes and Wright

General Education: A Self Study Guide for Review and Assessment 

Ratcliff, Jones, and Hoffman

Linking Assessment and General Education 


Using Assessment to Strengthen General Education


Making the Case for Liberal Education AAC&U Periodical


 Liberal Education Outcomes AAC&U Periodical

 Student Affairs Assessment 

Author  Title 
Upcraft and Schuh

Assessment in Student Affairs: A Guide for Practitioners                  

Schuh Assessment Methods for Student Affairs

 Program Review

Author   Title 

Outcomes-Based Academic and Co-Curricular Program Review


Program Review and Educational Quality in the Major: Faculty Handbook

Electronic Portfolios 

Author  Title 
American Association for Higher Education Electronic Portfolios                                                                      
Cambridge, Cambridge, and Yancey Electronic Portfolios 2.0

Teaching and Learning 

Author    Title 
Shavelson Measuring College Learning Responsibly: Accountability in a New Era
Tagg The Learning Paradigm College
Brookfield Developing Critical Thinkers
Fink Creating Significant Learning Experiences
Saroyan and Amundsen Rethinking Teaching in Higher Education
Davis Interdisciplinary Courses and Team Teaching
Palmer The Courage to Teach
Stage, Muller, Kinzie, and Simmons Creating Learning Centered Classrooms
Travis Models for Improving College Teaching
Young and Eble College Teaching and Learning: Preparing for New Commitments
Magolda and King Learning Partnerships
Leamnson Thinking About Teaching and Learning
AAC&U  What Works in Facilitating Interdisciplinary Learning in Science and Mathematics AAC&U Periodical
AAC&U  A Crucible Moment College Learning & Democracy’s Future AAC&U Periodical
Shoenberg  What Will I Learn In College? AAC&U Periodical
AAC&U  Communicating Commitment to Liberal Education AAC&U Periodical
Klein  Mapping Interdisciplinary Studies AAC&U Periodical
AAC&U  College Learning for the New Global Century AAC&U Periodical
Gardiner Learning Through Assessment: A Resource Guide for Higher Education
Cornwell and Stoddard  Globalizing Knowledge: Connecting International & Intercultural Studies AAC&U Periodical
Huber and Hutchings  Integrative Learning: Mapping the Terrain AAC&U Periodical
American Council on Education Educating Americans for a World in Flux
Kuh  High-Impact Educational Practices AAC&U Periodical
Walvoord Effective Grading
AAC&U  Taking Responsibility for the Quality of the Baccalaureate Degree AAC&U Periodical
Grunert The Course Syllabus
Rockman  Integrating Information Literacy Into Higher Education Curriculum
Wehlburg Meaningful Course Revision
Conley College Knowledge
Feldman and Newcome The Impact of College on Students


Author  Title 
Stevens and Levi   Introduction to Rubrics
Allen Scoring Rubrics
Rhodes Assessing Outcomes and Improving Achievements: Tips and Tools for Using Rubrics AAC&U Periodical