» Training

General

[9/18/18, updated]

Training about animal welfare, regulations, and procedures is required for all persons intending to use animals in research, training, or testing. Training includes both the study of fact-based curriculum as well as demonstrating competency with procedures and techniques.

The IACUC at Chapman asks for specific documentation of investigator training in the protocol application. And it needs to be appropriate, at minimum, to the animal species, the technique(s), the risks posed by the animal usage, and the demands by regulatory authorities. The IACUC recognizes that training comes from many sources, including CITI (see "CITI" tab), AALAS (see the "Related Training Items" tab), conferences, training received from experts (e.g., surgical procedures), and experience at other institutions. 

Please talk with the IACUC office about your training and how it fits with the aims and objectives of the grant, protocol, and animal welfare. The 3Rs principles of reduce, replace, and refine apply directly to training when using animals in research. Training improves both data reproducibility and animal welfare.

Contact the IACUC office for additional information about training

Contact David Lopez, Rinker vivarium manager, for training offerings, both individual and teams.

Contact the IBC for animal biosafety training.

+ - CITI

[7/11/18, updated]

The BasicsCITI logo

What is CITI:

The Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI Program) is a leading provider of research education content. The CITI Program was established in 2000 to provide training content in many areas related to animal research including Animal Care and Use (ACU) and Biosafety/Biosecurity (BSS), as well as others like Conflicts of Interest (COI) and Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR). Access the CITI Program homepage.

Cost:

CITI is free of charge to you. The Office of Research at Chapman pays the subscription fee.

Availability:

The courses are available 24/7 on-line. You may log out and return at a later time, but it is suggested that you complete the module you are working on, including the quiz, first. Experience shows that each module takes 10 to 20 minutes. Faculty: It's available to be used in classrooms as well.

Steps:

1. Before you begin:
It is recommended that you review the CITI Program registration process tutorial (version 2 November 2017) developed for Chapman. Note: CITI may have made changes to its screens, so the PowerPoint "shots" may not match exactly. Navigate through the "General Information" area and become familiar with the site.
 
2. Registration:
Register with CITI Program for the first time using your name and any password you choose. Select Chapman University as the institution.
 
3. Using the CITI site:
Once registered, provide your user name and password each time you log-on and you will go to the appropriate learner's group. You can change your learner's group should it be necessary. You may also affiliate yourself with other institutions that recognize CITI training.
 
4. Selecting courses:
Select the group in which you must train as defined by the IACUC (for a particular purpose like oncology or wildlife, for the basic Chapman introduction to animal care “101” for investigators (PIs, faculty, students), for the IACUC member, etc.). If you are unsure which group you should choose, please contact your professor, PI, or the Office of Research (as appropriate) for further assistance.
  • See CITI Program training course requirements for groupings and modules of animal research training at Chapman.
  • You may take any other modules and repeat modules after you complete (and obtain a passing score) the group of modules in which you originally enrolled. Simply click on "Chapman University Courses," then click on "Add a course or update learner groups" which is on the CITI main menu page. A passing score - set by the Chapman IACUC - is 80% over all of the modules.
5. Course validity:

A transcript (completion report) is generated when you complete the required group of modules. Use it to show evidence of training when submitting an animal use protocol, for a classroom activity, or something else.

  • The IACUC has set three (3) years as the length of time for which the training is valid. This is subject to change should there be changes in regulations, campus policies, or research methodology. Investigators may be asked to complete additional training to fulfill requirements for other animal activities.
6. Obtaining, sending, or printing your CITI training report:

The CITI Program does not offer certificates. Upon course completion you are issued a completion report, which will be e-mailed to the institution(s) you designated. It is also available to print directly from your account within the CITI software. This report serves as the official document issued by the CITI Program upon completion of a course. View instructions that explain where to find your CITI Program report and printing options.

+ - Training in Specific Laboratory Practices

[9/18/18, updated]

In addition to CITI training, all research/teaching personnel must display proficiency in the performance of the specific procedures described in each animal-use protocol.  Evidence of training such as degrees, certifications, and hands-on training should be included in the protocol application form.  Competency is a measure of knowledge, skills, and aptitudes (KSAs) and will be requested.  When writing and describing your training, please be specific to the techniques, manipulations, and animals which are to be used in the protocol.

Many types of hands-on training are available from the vivarium manager and laboratory animal veterinarian at Chapman.  For example, the general vivarium training program includes Vivarium Access Training, General Surgery Training: Aseptic Technique and Survival Surgery, Animal Biosafety & Containment, Mouse and Rat Biomethods (hands-on workshop in teams).  Advanced training session (e.g., perfusions) can be arranged, too.

Contact the IACUC office for more information.

+ - Teaching with Animals

[9/20, updated]

cartoon of anamorphic young animals in a classroom While it’s often perceived that laboratory animal science is research-oriented, especially bio-medical, there are other aspects to the usage of animals in academic settings.  These include teaching about animals by bringing them into a classroom setting, incorporating animals into the curriculum for instruction on, for example, animal behaviors, and engaging with animals in disciplines like the human-animal bond. 

Concepts of teaching with animals apply equally to public outreach presentations and science fairs.

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) recognizes too that animals have an important role in education “for continued improvement of human and human health and welfare.”  Many organizations including the Federation of Animal Science Societies (Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Research and Teaching, 3rd ed. Champlain, IL: FASS), American Psychological Society, American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS), Animal Behavior Society, American Physiological Society, and AVMA provide resources and guidelines to consider when using animals in the classroom.

Thereby, the institutional animal care and use committee (IACUC) has oversight here as well.  The ILAR Guide “strongly  affirms  the  principle  that  all  who  care  for,  use, or  produce  animals  for  research,  testing,  or  teaching  [italics added] must  assume responsibility  for  their  well-being.”  Further the Guide states that, “The use of laboratory animals in research, teaching, testing, and production is also governed or affected by various federal and local laws, regulations, and  standards;  for  example,  in  the  United  States  the  Animal  Welfare  Act  (AWA 1990) and Regulations (PL 89-544; USDA 1985) and/or Public Health Service (PHS) Policy (PHS 2002) may apply.”

In sum, persons considering teaching with animals should consider the need for training on the topic and completion of an animal use protocol application.  This paper from AALAS (Vemulapalli et al, 2017) will provide worthy advice.

+ - Related Training Items

[9/20, updated]

Selected resources.  Please contact the IACUC office to suggest additions.