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Hall-Musco Conservatory of Music

» Music Minors

The William D. Hall and Marybelle and Sebastian P. Musco Conservatory of Music offers four minors in music:

  • Minor in Film Music
  • Minor in General Music
  • Minor in Music Technology
  • Minor in Music Business

Adding music to your undergraduate career is a wonderful way to enrich your education, and we encourage you to add a music minor!

The following policies are the same for all music majors and minors (see Undergraduate Catalog, Conservatory of Music, General Information for all Music Programs, for details):

  • Transfer requirement
  • Music theory proficiency requirements (General Music and Film Music Minors only)
  • Sight-singing proficiency requirement (General Music Minor only)
  • Minimum grade requirements
  • Course re-take policy

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Minor in Film Music

The Minor in Film Music gives students an understanding of how music is used in film, as well as the basics of music theory and how to relate music to picture. Students may choose courses that create a technical track, focusing on composing music for film and the technology needed for film composition, or courses that create a film music studies track, focusing on the history and aesthetics of film music.

Students earning a B.A. in Music are not eligible for this minor. The B.M. in Composition (either emphasis) and B.M. in Performance (all emphases and areas) are eligible for this minor.

Students testing out of MUS 133, 134, 135, or 136  by placement exam must substitute an equal number of credits (as were passed by exam) from the electives section of the program.

Admissions Process

Contact the Conservatory chair for an interview to determine if it is possible to complete the minor in time to graduate. If approved, you will be placed on the pre-minor list and will be eligible to submit the form to declare your minor.

General Requirements for the Film Music Minor


Total credits required: 24

Primary courses:

MUS 133 Theory I = 2 credits
MUS 134 Theory II = 2 credits
MUS 239 Film Music = 3 credits
MUS 244 Principles of Music Technology = 2 credits

Plus one of the following courses (3 credits):

FTV 140/140L Introduction to Film Aesthetics/and Lab = 3 credits
MUS 249 Film Music Composition I = 3 credits

Plus 12 credits from the following courses:

MUSB 301 Music Supervision = 3 credits
MUS 324 Audio Recording Techniques = 3 credits
MUS 340 Instrumentation and Beginning Orchestration = 2 credits
MUS 344 Advanced Topics in Music Technology* = 3 credits
MUS 346 Music and Interactive Technology with Max/MSP = 3 credits
MUS 347 Post-Production Editing and Processing = 3 credits
MUS 348 Introduction to Music Synthesis = 3 credits
FP 359 Pro Tools Certification = 3 credits
FP 382 Music Composition for Film Majors = 3 credits
MUSB 400A Business and Legal Aspects of the Music Industry = 3 credits
MUS 400B Leadership and Ethics in the Music Industry = 3 credits
MUS 439 Topics in Film Music* = 3 credits
MUS 493B Directed Research in Film Music* = 1–3 credits

* May be repeated for credit.

Minor in General Music

The Minor in General Music is designed to give students a background in music theory, music history, and music performance (both solo and ensemble settings). Students earning a B.M. degree or a B.A. in Music are not eligible for this minor.

Students testing out of MUS 133, 134, 135, or 136 by placement exam must substitute an equal number of credits (as were passed by exam) from the upper-division elective courses in the minor.

Admissions Process

Contact the Conservatory chair for an interview to determine if it is possible to complete the minor in time to graduate. If approved, you will be placed on the pre-minor list and will be eligible to:

  • Audition on your primary instrument
  • Submit the form to declare your minor upon passing the audition

General Requirements for the General Music Minor


Total credits required: 22–23

Minimum upper-division credits required: 9

Primary courses:

MUS 102A Compendium of Western Music History I = 3 credits
MUS 102B Compendium of Western Music History II = 3 credits
MUS 133 Theory I = 2 credits
MUS 134 Theory II = 2 credits
MUS 135 Aural Skills I = 1 credit
MUS 136 Aural Skills II = 1 credit
Individual instruction in instrument or voice (minimum of two [2] credits at 300 level or higher) = 4 credits
Large or small ensemble courses (minimum of one [1] credit at 300 level) = 2 credits

Plus two of the following courses (6 credits):

MUS 301 Music History and Literature I = 3 credits
MUS 302 Music History and Literature II = 3 credits
MUS 303 Music History and Literature III = 3 credits
MUS 326 Musical Cultures of the Caribbean and Latin America = 3 credits
MUS 332A Musical Cultures of Africa/Middle East = 3 credits
MUS 332B Musical Cultures of Asia/Pacific = 3 credits
MUS 332C Musical Cultures of the Americas = 3 credits
MUS 345 History of Musical Theatre = 3 credits
MUS 439 Topics in Film Music = 3 credits
MUS 461 Psychology of Music = 3 credits
MUS 496C Seminar: Topics in Western Music History* = 3 credits
MUS 496D Seminar: Topics in World Music and Culture* = 3 credits

Plus any 300/400 level course for which prerequisites have been met.

* May be repeated for credit.

Minor in Music Technology

The Music Technology Minor gives students exposure to a variety of technology-related courses dealing with computers, software, and equipment necessary in music technology environments.

Students earning a B.A. in Music are not eligible for this minor. Students earning a B.M. in Composition, B.M. in Performance (any emphasis), or B.M. (Pre-Music Education Certification) are eligible for this minor but must substitute for MUS 128 or MUS 230 by placement with six (6) credits of music technology courses that are not part of the major degree program. Non-music majors testing out of MUS 128 or MUS 230 by placement exam must substitute enough credits from courses in the minor to finish the minor with a minimum of 21 credits.

Admission Process

Contact the Conservatory chair for an interview to determine if it is possible to complete the minor in time to graduate. If approved, you will be placed on the pre-minor list and will be eligible to submit the form to declare your minor.

General Requirements for the Music Technology Minor


Total credits required: 22–23

Minimum upper-division credits required: 12

Primary courses:

MUS 128 Fundamentals of Music Theory = 3 credits
MUS 230 Music Composition & Songwriting = 3 credits
MUS 244 Principles of Music Technology = 2 credits

Plus one of the following courses (2–3 credits):

MUS 248 Audio/Visual Concert Recording & Archiving = 3 credits
MUS 249 Film Music Composition I = 3 credits
MUS 260 Electroacoustic Music I = 2 credits

Plus 12 credits from the following courses:

MUS 324 Audio Recording Techniques = 3 credits
MUS 344 Advanced Topics in Music Technology* = 3 credits
MUS 346 Music and Interactive Technology with Max/MSP = 3 credits
MUS 347 Post-Production Editing and Processing = 3 credits
MUS 348 Introduction to Music Synthesis = 3 credits
FP 359 Pro Tools Certification
MUS 493C Directed Research in Music Technology* = 1–3 credits

*May be repeated for credit.

Minor in Music Business

The Music Business Minor gives students an understanding of how the music industry works, including the areas of marketing and sales, publication, copyright and licensing, artist management, audio technology and music production, and music supervision. Students will learn how to communicate and interact with people in various areas of the music industry. The program includes frequent lectures and workshops with national and global music-industry professionals, with particular focus on the Los Angeles area.  

Students earning a B.M. degree or a B.A. in Music are eligible to declare this minor.

Admission process

Contact the Conservatory chair for an interview to determine if it is possible to complete the minor in time to graduate. If approved, you will be placed on the pre-minor list and will be eligible to submit the form to declare your minor.

General Requirements for the Music Business Minor


Total credits required: 24

Minimum upper-division credits required: 15

Primary courses:

MUSB 100 Introduction to the Business of Music = 3 credits
BUS 110 Accounting and Finance = 3 credits
MUSB 300 Music Publishing, Marketing, Promotion, and Distribution = 3 credits

Plus one of the following courses (3 credits):

MUSB 400A Topics in Music Business: Business and Legal Aspects of the Music Industry = 3 credits
MUSB 400B Topics in Music Business: Leadership and Ethics in the Music Industry = 3 credits

Plus one of the following courses (3 credits):

MUS 201A History of Rock = 3 credits
MUS 201B Music, Race and Place in the US = 3 credits
MUS 201F All That Jazz = 3 credits
MUS 203 Global Popular Music = 3 credits
MUS 239 Film Music = 3 credits

Plus three of the following courses (9 credits):

MUSB 301 Music Supervision = 3 credits
MUS 324 Audio Recording Techniques = 3 credits
MUS 347 Post-Production Editing and Processing Techniques = 3 credits
MGMT 365 Intro to Entrepreneurship for Non-Majors = 3 credits
TWP 374 Art and Business of Web Video = 3 credits
MGMT 379 From Idea to Business: Student Incubator = 3 credits
MUSB 400A or 400B Topics in Music Business** = 3 credits
MUS 490 Internship = 3 credits

**May count only once per credit requirement.

Contact Us


Dr. Amy Graziano
Chair and Professor
Hall-Musco Conservatory of Music
(714) 997-6897
graziano@chapman.edu