Dr. Tara Gruenewald

Dr. Tara Gruenewald

Associate Professor, Chair, Department of Psychology
Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences; Psychology
Office Location: Crean Hall 101
Office Hours: By Appointment Only
Phone: (714) 288-2096
Scholarly Works:
Digital Commons
University of California, Davis, Bachelor of Science
University of California, Los Angeles, Master of Public Health
University of California, Los Angeles, Master of Arts
University of California, Los Angeles, Ph.D.


Dr. Tara Gruenewald is an Associate Professor and Chair of Psychology who joined the Chapman faculty in the Fall of 2017.  Tara is a social and health psychologist with additional postdoctoral training in Public Health and Gerontology.  Her research focuses on the social and psychological factors which shape cognitive and physical functioning, physiology, and mental and physical health across the life course.  Current foci include:  (1) Identification of the psychological, social, behavioral, and biological pathways which underlie socioeconomic gradients in functioning and health, (2) The role of perceptions of generativity in shaping health and functioning in later life, and (3) Examination of health correlates of generative activity and intergenerational civic activity engagement.  Her research utilizes a wide array of designs including longitudinal cohort studies, experience sampling investigations, and experiments in the lab and in natural environments, as well as diverse data collection methods.

Recent Creative, Scholarly Work and Publications

*Podber, N. & Gruenewald, T.L. (2023). Socioeconomic status, positive experiences, and allostatic load. Health Psychology. Health Psychology, 42(2), 82-91
Arpawong, T.E., Gatz, M., Zavala, C., Gruenewald, T.L., Walters, E.E., & Prescott, C.A. (2023). Nature, nurture, and the meaning of educational attainment: Differences by sex and socioeconomic status. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 26, 1-9.
Gruenewald, T., Seeman, T. E., Choo, T. H., Scodes, J., Snyder, C., Pavlicova, M., ... & Sloan, R. P. (2023). Cardiovascular variability, sociodemographics, and biomarkers of disease: the MIDUS study. Frontiers in Physiology, 14.
Seblova, D., Eng, C., Avila-Reiger, J.F., Peters, K., Lapham, S., Zahodne, L.B., Chapman, B., Prescott, C.A, Gruenewald, T.L., Arpawong, T.E., Gatz, M., Glymour, M. M., Manly J.J.. (2023). High school quality is associated with cognition 58 years later. Alzheimer’s and Dementia, 15, e12424.
*Podber, N. & Gruenewald, T.L. (2023). Positive Life Experiences and Mortality: Examination of Psychobiological Pathways. Social Science & Medicine, 332, 116192.
Younan, D., Wang, X., Gruenewald, T., Gatz, M., Serre, M.L., Vizuete, W., Braskie, M.N., Kahe, K., Woods, N.F., Garcia, L., Lurmann, F., Manson, J., Chui, H.C., Wallace, R., Espeland, M.A. & Chen, J.C. (2022). Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Alzheimer’s Disease Risk: Role of Exposure to Ambient Fine Particles. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 77(5), 977-985.
Petkus, A., Younan, D., Wang, X., Beavers, D.P., Espeland, M.A., Gatz, M., Gruenewald, T., Kaufman, J.D., Chui, H.C., Millstein, J., Manson, J.E., Resnick, S.M., Wellenius, G.A., Whitsel, E.A., Widaman, K., & Chen, J.C. (2022). Ambient air pollution exposure and increasing depressive symptoms in older women: The mediating role of prefrontal cortex. Science of The Total Environment, 823, 153642.
Petkus, A.J., Wang, X., Beavers, D.P., Chui, H.C., Espeland, M.A., Gatz, M., Gruenewald, T., Kaufman, J.D., Manson, J.E., Resnick, S.M. and Stewart, J.D. (2021). Outdoor air pollution exposure and inter-relation of global cognitive performance and emotional distress in older women. Environmental Pollution, 271, 116282.
Petkus, A.J., Younan, D., Wang, X., Beavers, D.P., Espeland, M.A., Gatz, M., Gruenewald, T.L., Kaufman, J.D., Chui, H.C., Manson, J.E. and Resnick, S.M. (2021). Air Pollution and the Dynamic Association Between Depressive Symptoms and Memory in Oldest-Old Women. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 69(2), 474 - 484.
Robinette, J., Bostean, G., Glynn, L., Douglas, J., Jenkins, B., Gruenewald, T., & Frederick, D. (2021). Perceived Neighborhood Cohesion Buffers COVID-19 Impacts on Mental Health in a National Sample. Social Science and Medicine, 114269.
Robinette, J., Beam, C.R., & Gruenewald, T.L. (2021). Can I buy my health: A genetically informed study of socioeconomic status and health. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 56(5), 418-427.
Croswell, A.D., Suresh, M., Puterman, E., Gruenewald, T.L., Lee, J.L., & Epel, E.S. (2020). Advancing research on psychological stress and aging with the Health and Retirement Study: Looking back to launch the field forward. Journal of Gerontology Psychological Sciences, 75(5), 970-980
*Grossman, M.R. & Gruenewald, T.L. (2020). Failure to meet generative self-expectations is linked to poorer cognitive-affective well-being. Journals of Gerontology Psychological Sciences, 75(4), 792-801. doi:10.1093/geronb/gby069
Surachman, A., Rice, C., Bray, B, Gruenewald, T., & Almeida, D. (2020). Association Between Socioeconomic Status Mobility and Inflammation Markers Among White and Black Adults in the United States: A Latent Class Analysis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 82(2), 224-233
Grossman, M.R., Wang, D., & Gruenewald, T.L. (2019). Variations in Daily Cognitive Affective States as a Function of Variations in Daily Generative Activity. Journal of Happiness Studies, 20(1), 19-34.
Belcher, B. R., Maher, J. P., Lopez, N. V., Margolin, G., Leventhal, A. M., Ra, C. K., O’Connor, Sydney, Gruenewald, T.L., Huh, J., & Dunton, G. F. (2019). Dual Versus Single Parental Households and Differences in Maternal Mental Health and Child's Overweight/Obesity. Maternal & Child Health Journal, 23(4), 547-556. doi:10.1007/s10995-018-2671-2
Rebok, G. W., Parisi, J. M., Barron, J. S., Carlson, M. C., Diibor, I., Frick, K. D., Fried, L.P., Gruenewald, T.L., Huang, J., McGill, S., Ramsey, C.M., Romani, W.A., Seeman, T.E., Tan, E., Tanner, E.K., Xing, L., & Xue, Q. L. (2019). Impact of Experience Corps(R) Participation on Children's Academic Achievement and School Behavior. Prevention Science, 20, 478-487. doi:10.1007/s11121-018-0972-8
Rodriguez, J.M., Karlamangla, A.S., Seeman, T.E., Gruenewald, T.L., Miller-Martinez, D., Merkin, S.S. (2019). Social Stratification and Allostatic Load: The Shape of Health Differences in the United States. Journal of Biosocial Sciences, 51(5), 627-644. doi: 10.1017/S0021932018000378
*Wang, D. & Gruenewald, T.L. (2019). The psychological costs of social support imbalance: Variation across relationship context and age. Journal of Health Psychology, 24(12), 1615-1625
Prescott, C.A., Walters, E.E., Apawong, T.E., Zavala, C., Gruenewald, T., & Gatz, M. (2019). The Project Talent Twin and Sibling Study: Zygosity and New Data Collection. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 22(6), 769-778.
Wiley, J.F., Gruenewald, T.L., & Seeman, T.E. (2018). Psychosocial resources and physiological dysregulation. In C.D. Ryff & R.F. Krueger (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Integrative Health Science. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190676384.001.0001
Gruenewald, T.L. & Wang, D. (2018). Stress and Health. In T.A. Revenson & R.A. Gurung (Eds.) The Handbook of Health Psychology, 3rd Edition. Routledge, Taylor & Francis: New York.
Min, J., Silverstein, M., & Gruenewald, T.. Intergenerational Similarity in Religious Beliefs Over the Family Life Course. Research on Aging, 40(6), 580-596. doi:10.1177/0164027517723076
Robinette, J.W., Charles, S.T., & Gruenwald, T.L. (2018). Neighborhood cohesion, neighborhood disorder, and cardiometabolic risk. Social Science & Medicine, 198, 70-76. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.12.025
Hagood, E. & Gruenewald, T.L. (2018). Positive versus negative priming of older adults’ generative value: Do positive messages enhance memory? Aging and Mental Health, 22(2), 257-260.
Robinette, J.W., Charles, S.T., & Gruenewald, T.L. (2017). Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Health: A Longitudinal Analysis. Journal of Community Health, 42(5), 865-871 doi:10.1007/s10900-017-0327-6
Menkin, J.A., Robles, T.F., Gruenewald, T.L., Tanner, E.K., & Seeman, T.E. (2017). Expectations Regarding Aging and Social Engagement in Later Life. Journals of Gerontology, 72(5), 771-781. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbv118
*Andrews, R.M., Tan, E., Varma, V., Romani, W., Gruenewald, T., Seeman,T., Rebok, G. & Carlson, M. (2017). Association between aging expectations and engagement in physical activity: Results from the Baltimore Experience Corps Trial. The Gerontologist, 40(5), 435-477. doi:10.1093/geront/gnx060
Grossman, M.R. & Gruenewald, T.L. (2017). Caregiving and perceived generativity: A positive and protective aspect of providing care? Clinical Gerontologist. 40(5), 435-447. doi:10.1080/07317115.2017.1317686
Wiley, J.F., Gruenewald, T.L., Karlamangla, A.S., & Seeman, T.E. (2017). Pursuing the optimal operationalization of allostatic load. Psychosomatic Medicine, 79(1), 119-121. doi:10.1097/psy.0000000000000416
Ong, A., Williams, D.R., Nwizu, U., & Gruenewald, T.L. (2017). Everyday Unfair Treatment and Multisystem Biological Dysregulation in African American Adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 23(1), 27-35. doi:10.1037/cdp0000087
Robinette, J.W., Charles, S.T., Almeida, D.M. & Gruenewald, T.L. (2016). Neighborhood features and physiological risk: An examination of allostatic load. Health & Place, 41, 110-118. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.08.003
Gruenewald, T.L., Tanner, E.K., Fried, L.P., et al. (2016). The Baltimore Experience Corps Trial: Enhancing Generativity via Intergenerational Activity Engagement in Later Life. Journals of Gerontology, 71(4), 661-670. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbv005
Wiley, J.F., Gruenewald, T.L., Karlamangla, A.S., & Seeman, T.E. (2016). Modeling multi-system physiological dysregulation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 78(3), 290-301.
Robinette, J.W., Charles, S.T., & Gruenewald, T.L. (2016). Hypervigilant at home: Longitudinal analyses of neighborhood safety perceptions and health. Social Science & Medicine: Public Health, 2, 525-530.
Zilioli, S., Slatcher, R.B., Ong, A.D., & Gruenewald, T.L. (2015). Purpose in life predicts health locus of control and allostatic load ten years later. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 79(5), 450-457.
Carlson, M. C., Kuo, J. H., Chuang, Y. F., Varma, V. R., Harris, G., Albert, M. S., . . . Gruenewald, T.L., McGill, S., Rebok, G., &Fried, L. P. (2015). Impact of the Baltimore Experience Corps Trial on cortical and hippocampal volumes. Alzheimers Dement, 11, 1340-1348
Dunton, G. F., Liao. Y., Dzubur, E., Leventhal, A., Huh, J., Gruenewald, T., Margolin, G., Koprowski, C., Tate, E., Intille, S. (2015). Investigating within-day and longitudinal effects of maternal stress on children’s physical activity, dietary intake, and body composition: Protocol for the MATCH study. Journal of Contemporary Clinical Trials, 43, 142-154.
Friedman, E.M., Montez, J.K., Sheehan, C., Gruenewald, T., & Seeman, T. (2015). Childhood Adversities and Adult Cardiometabolic Health: Does Quantity, Timing, and Type of Adversity Matter? Journal of Aging and Health, 27(8), 1311-1338.
Parisi, J.M., Ramsey, C. M., Carlson, M. C., Xue, Q-L., Huang, J., Romani, W. A., McGill, S., Seeman, T. E., Tanner, E. K., Barron, J., Tan, E., Gruenewald, T. L., Diibor, I., Fried, L. P., &. Rebok, G. W. (2015). Impact of Experience Corps® participation on school climate. Prevention Science, 16(5), 744-753.
Friedman, E.M., Karlamangla, A.S., Gruenewald, T., Koretz, B. & Seeman, T.E. (2015). Early life adversity and adult biological risk profiles. Psychosomatic Medicine, 77(2), 176-185.
Turiano, N., Chapman, B.P., Gruenewald, T.L., Mroczek, D.K. (2015). Personality and the leading behavioral contributors of mortality. Health Psychology, 34(1), 51-60.
Varma, V., Carlson, M.C., Tanner, E.K., Parisi, J.M. & Gruenewald, T.L. (2015). Experience Corps Baltimore: Exploring the rewards and stressors of high-intensity civic engagement. The Gerontologist, 55(6), 1038-1049.
Rebok, G.W., Carlson, M.C., Frick, K.D., Giuriceo, K.D., Gruenewald, T., McGill, S., Parisi, J.M., Romani, W.A., Seeman, T., Tanner, E.K., & Fried, L.P. (2014). The Experience Corps: Intergenerational interventions to enhance well-being among retired persons. In F. Huppert and C Cooper (Eds.), Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing, p. 307-330.
Parisi, J.M., Kuo, J., Rebok, G.W., Xue, Q.L., Fried, L.P., Gruenewald, T.L., Huang, J., Seeman, T.E., Roth, D.L., Tanner, E.K., Carlson, M.C. (2014). Increases in lifestyle activities as a result of Experience Corps® participation. Journal of Urban Health.
Seeman, T., Gruenewald, T., Cohen, S., Williams, D., & Matthews, K. (2014). Social relationships and their biological correlates: Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 43, 126-138.
Brooks, K.P., Gruenewald, T.L., Karlamangla, A., Hu, P., Koretz, B., & Seeman, T.E. (2014). Social relationships and allostatic load across the life-span. Health Psychology, 33(11), 1373-1381. PMCID: PMC4104264