» Resumes, CVs, Cover Letters, and LOIs

What is the difference between a resume and a CV? 

Your resume or Curriculum Vitae (CV) is often the first introduction between you and an employer. Consider them essential personal marketing tools used to promote yourself to employers so they want to invite you for an interview. They must be organized, concise and well designed to tell the story of why you are qualified and a good fit for the specific role you are applying for. 

You may have heard that resumes and CV's are interchangable but this is not the case. They differ in structure, content, length and style. A CV, or "Course of Life" is more common for professional opportunities such as residencies, fellowships, research, government or academic positions. It is generally longer and contains different sections to reflect experiences in a wider range of areas such as research, publications, teaching experience, or presentations.

Another key difference between a resume and a CV is a resume strategically showcases your experience and skills that are most pertinent to the advertised position, while a CV is a full list of your relevant professional and educational history. 

Pay attention to which type of document the employer asks you to submit and refer to the guides on this page to help you get started. Remember, following directions and submiting the proper written materials is the first test in following directions! 

CV Resources 

Use the following resources to assist you in putting together a stand-out CV that gets you an interview: 

Resume Resources  

Review the job description and conduct thorough company research before you begin to write your resume. Your resume should be 1-2 pages in length and tailored to the business need the job is designed to fill. You will likely draft several different resumes, making changes to highlight your relevant skills for each new position you apply for. Refer to the below resources to learn the fundamentals. 

Cover Letter and LOI Resources 

A well-written and concise Cover Letter or Letter of Intent (LOI) can help employers learn why you are a good fit for their organization and the specific skills and experiences that qualify you for the job. Use the job description as a guide to determine what skills and experiences to highlight. Read the application requirements thoroughly to determine whether a Cover Letter or a LOI is expected for the position. Review the resources below to help you write a letter that gets noticed by the employer: