Sougata received his PhD in Economics from Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) at the Universite Catholique de Louvain in Belgium. Sougata has taught Economics, Statistics and Business in various leading universities worldwide for several years. He had held faculty positions at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, National University of Singapore (NUS), IGIDR in India, Hanyang University in South Korea, Nanyang Technological University (NTU) in Singapore, Auckland University of Technology (AUT) in New Zealand, University of Redlands and University of California, Irvine in USA.
His areas of research interest are in Applied Microeconomic Theory and Industrial Organization. He has published widely in the field of Technology Transfer and Licensing in Spatial Competitions, Economics of Digital Piracy, Copyright Issues and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), and Competition Policy. His publications appeared in Economic Theory, Economics Letters, International Journal of Industrial Organization, Oxford Economic Papers, European Journal of Political Economy, Economics Record, Economic Modelling, Review of Industrial Organization, Manchester School, Economics Bulletin, Annals of Economics and Finance and in many others. He was a guest editor of Singapore Economic Review and New Zealand Economic papers.
Presently, Sougata's main research focus is to understand and analyze the impact of consumer behavior, firm strategies, emerging technologies and technology trends in the decision-making process of firms and organizations.