Seventh Annual Chapman Phytosanitary Irradiation Forum

» Seventh Annual Chapman Phytosanitary Irradiation Forum

March 21-22, 2017

Organized in cooperation with the USDA and the Joint programme of the FAO/IAEA, the objective of the Phytosanitary Irradiation forum is to increase understanding and use of irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment to enhance global trade and prevent invasive pests.

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On March 23-34, 2016, over 100 participants from countries all around the world met to discuss the latest in research, equipment, trade, and regulations related to phytosanitary irradiation. You can access the presentations by clicking on the title of the presentations in the agenda below.

Thanks to our sponsors:


+ - Phytosanitary Irradiation Agenda

9-9:15 Welcome Ms. Margaret Smither, USDA-Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
Mr. Carl Blackburn, International Atomic Energy Agency-Food and Agriculture Organization
Dr. Anuradha Prakash, Chapman University
9:15:-9:30 Opening Remarks Dr. Alan Dowdy, Acting Associate Deputy Administrator, ISDA-APHIS-PPQ
9:30-9:50 A Global Perspective Mr. Carl Blackburn, IAEA-FAO
9:50-10:20 Efficacy on Insect Pests Dr. Guy Hallman, IAEA-FAO
10:20-10:45 Impact on Quality Dr. Anuradha Prakash, Chapman University
10:45-11:15 Break
11:15-11:45 Methyl Bromide Update Dr. Teung F. Chin, USDA Office of Pest Management Policy
11:45-Noon FDA Perspective Dr. Teresa Croce, U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Noon-1 Panel: Consumer Acceptance Dr. Christine Bruhn, University of California, Davis
Mr. Bill Gerlach, Melissa's Produce
Mr. Murray Lynch, Steritech
Mr. Ron Eustice, Consultant
1-2:30 Lunch
2:30-3 The African Story Ms. Cherin Balt, HERPO
3-3:30 Phytosanitary Irradiation in China Mr. Kenneth Hsiao, CGN, Dasheng Electron Accelerator Technology
3:30-4 Break
4-5 Panel: Optimizing treatment for Phytosanitary Purposes Mr. Eric Beers, Nordion
Mr. Randy Kirk, Applied Energy Devices
Mr. Tony Brown, MEVEX
Mr. Kenneth Hsiao, CGN Dasheng
5:30-7 Reception
  March 24
U.S. Imports
9-9:15 Market Access Program Activities Mr. Abraham Inouye, Foreign Agriculture Service
9:15:9:30 Addressing Phytosanitary Barriers to Trade Dr. Matthew Messenger, USDA-APHIS
9:30:-10:30 Panel: Export Markets: Opportunities and Challenges Mr. Abraham Inouye, Foreign Agriculture Service
Mr. Ken Gilliland, Western Growers
Mr. Guy Cotton, CA Cherry Export Association
Mr. Mark Golden, President of Umina Bros. Export
10:30-11 Break
11-11:30 Fruit Distribution Logistics Mr. Chris Connell, Commodity Forwarders, Inc.


Crossing the Border: A Case Study Mr. Ross Williams, Titan Farms
Ms. Margaret Smither, USDA-APHIS
Mr. Frank Benso, Gateway America
12:15-1:45 Lunch
1:45--2:00 US Imports: Recent Activity Dr. Prakash Hebbar, USDA-APHIS
2-2:20 Implementing Preclearance and Port of Entry Programs Dr. Laura Jeffers, USDA-APHIS
2:20-3:15 Panel: Port of Entry Programs: Facility Perspectives Mr. Frank Benso, Gateway America
Dr. Suresh Pillai, National Center for Electron Beam Research
Mr. Harlan Clemmons, Sadex
3:15-3:45 Break
3:45-4:15 Panel: Distributing Irradiated Fruit Dr. Bhaskar Savani
Mr. Gary Tozzo, MOR USA Inc.
4:15-5 Outlook for Phytosanitary Irradiation Roundtable Discussion

+ - Contact Us

Margaret Smither
Export Specialist 
4700 River Road 
Riverdale, MD  20737
Phone: (301) 851-2235

Anuradha Prakash
Professor and Program Director
Food Science
Chapman University
One University Drive
Orange, CA  92866
Phone: (714) 744-7826

Carl Blackburn
Food Irradiation Specialist
Vienna International Centre 
P.O. Box 100 
Vienna, Austria
Phone: (+43-1)2600-21639

Robyne Kelly
Administrative Assistant, Food Science
One University Dr.
Orange, CA 92866
Phone: (714)289-2040

+ - Photo Gallery 2016

Visit our Facebook page for photos of our event!








+ - Additional Resources Related to the 2016 PI Forum

The below Resources are provided by Teung F. Chin, Ph.D., USDA Office of Pest Management Policy

1. Global use of QPS methyl bromide for 2014 and earlier years by country.

2. APHIS PPQ import and export use of QPS methyl bromide

United States Quarantine and Preshipment Use of Methyl Bromide, 2013
-Robert M. Baca, Ph.D.

Slide 7 for 2013 lists imported cut flowers & greenery, propagative plant material
Slide 8 lists exported logs

United States QPS Use of Methyl Bromide, 2012
-Robert M. Baca

Slide 16 for 2012 imports, lists grapes, asparagus, bamboo, kiwi, yam, pineapple, cut flowers & greenery, stone/tile, and fresh herbs.

QPS Usage of Methyl Bromide, 2011
-Robert M. Baca, Ph.D.

Slide 7 lists cut flowers and greenery, propagative plant material as well as “fruits & vegetables” generally
Slide 9 lists the major import fumigations for 2011: grapes, asparagus, pineapple, yam, kiwi, lemon, orange and chestnut

3. UN technical panel report on QPS Uses

UNEP 2014 Report of the Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee - 2014 Assessment

Page 77

TABLE 4- 2: Main Categories of MB Use For QPS Purposes
Category Uses:

  • Commodities Bulbs, corms, tubers and rhizomes (intended for planting)
  • Cut flowers and branches (including foliage)
  • Fresh fruit and vegetables
  • Grain, cereals and oil seeds for consumption including rice (not intended for planting)
  • Dried foodstuffs (including herbs, dried fruit, coffee, cocoa)
  • Nursery stock (plants intended for planting other than seed), and associated soil and other growing media
  • Seeds (intended for planting)
  • Soil and other growing media as a commodity, including soil exports and soil associated with living material such as nursery stock*
  • Wood packaging materials
  • Wood (including sawn wood and wood chips)
  • Whole logs (with or without bark)
  • Hay, straw, thatch grass, dried animal fodder (other than grains and cereals listed above)
  • Cotton and other fibre crops and products
  • Tree nuts (e.g. almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts)
  • Structures and equipment Buildings with quarantine pests (including elevators, dwellings, factories, storage facilities)
  • Equipment (including used machinery and vehicles) and empty shipping containers and reused packaging
  • Soil as agricultural land*
  • Pre-plant and disinfestation fumigation of agricultural land*
  • Miscellaneous small volume uses
  • Personal effects, furniture, air* and watercraft*, artifacts, hides, fur and skins

Source: IPPC (2008) list of categories; *Not on IPPC (2008) list

4. NOAA (2015 & 2012) & EPA (1995) Reports on methyl bromide in the atmosphere

Methyl Bromide in the Atmosphere – A Scientific Overview and Update 2015
-Steve Montzka, James Butler, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Slide 12

“From the 2014 WMO Ozone Assessment:
- Total column ozone has remained relatively unchanged since 2000 (60°S to 60°N average) after declines of about 2.5% during the 1980s and early 1990s. There are indications of a small increase in recent years, as expected.
- Ozone in the upper stratosphere has clearly increased recently. This increase is attributed to both declining ODS abundances and upper stratospheric cooling from increases in carbon dioxide.”

Methyl Bromide in the Atmosphere – A Scientific Overview and Update, 2012
James Butler, Steve Montzka
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Slide 17

“Emerging Science Studying ocean fluxes while atmospheric concentrations decrease: same ocean regions sampled in 1994 and 2010
- the NET source from ocean has increased!”

EPA “Questions & Answers on METHYL BROMIDE- 1995”

Page 2

Q: How much methyl bromide is produced by human activities, as compared to U.S. natural sources?
A: The 1994 Science Assessment reports that methyl bromide is produced by:
1) agriculture: 20-60 kilotons/year,
2) biomass burning: 10-50 kt/yr,
3) leaded gasoline burning: 0.5-22 kt/yr,and
4) oceans: 0-40 kt/yr (Butler, 1995).

5. EPA and Services Biological Evaluation for malathion, chlorpyrifos and diazinon.
“Implementing NAS Report Recommendations on Ecological Risk Assessment for Endangered and Threatened Species”

EPA, in conjunction with FWS, NMFS, and USDA, has begun developing draft Biological Evaluations (BEs) in response to the NAS report.  In December 2015, OPP is providing/making publicly available several documents associated with the Biological Evaluations (BEs) for the three pilot chemicals: chlorpyrifos, diazinon and malathion.  The following documents will be available for each of the three pilot chemicals: problem formulation, fate and effects characterizations as well as the appendices and a number of provisional models.  In April 2016, EPA will release the effects determination for each of the three pilot chemicals and open the docket for public comment.  The information provided for each chemical will be on a separate page:
  • Chlorpyrifos
  • Diazinon
  • Malathion
  • Provisional models