» Title IX Appeals Process FAQs

The following is a list of frequently asked questions that may be helpful for anyone who is or may involved in a Title IX appeals process following a Title IX investigation at Chapman University. Please also see the specific FAQs regarding the Title IX investigation process for general audiences, complainants, respondents, and witnesses.


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Why would there be an appeals process after the conclusion of a Title IX investigation and hearing?

After a Title IX hearing has concluded, complainants and respondents will be provided the hearing outcome. They will also receive a deadline by which to appeal the outcome if they disagree with the findings of responsibility and/or sanctions.

The purpose of the appeals process is to allow the parties to request a review of the hearing outcome based on one or more of the appeals criteria.

What does the appeals process look like?

Within 5 business days of receiving the hearing outcome, the parties each will have an opportunity to submit a written appeal request outlining why they believe one or more of the criteria for appeal exists in their case. Appeals are typically limited to 7 pages, double-spaced, 12-pt. font. In the instance of particularly complex or or simultaneous cases, an extension on this page limit may be granted by the Dean of Students or designee.

The other party will be notified within 2 business days if an appeal is submitted. The notified party will have an opportunity, if requested, to review the original written appeal. They may submit a written response within 5 business days of being notified that an appeal was submitted.

Once appeals requests are submitted, the appeals officer(s) will consider appeals requests narrowly, specific to the relevant criteria for appeal.

Please see the Student Sexual Misconduct Policy for more information.

What is the timeline for appeals?

As outlined in the Student Sexual Misconduct Policy, the timeline for any Title IX appeals process is 30 business days. If the Title IX Coordinator and/or appeals board determine that an extension of the 30-day appeals timeline is warranted or necessary, they will notify the complainant and respondent in writing via email. This written notification will also include information about the reason for the delay as well as the anticipated date of completion.

What are the appeals criteria?

If you are writing an appeals request, you will need to be familiar with the four possible criteria for an appeal. The four possible criteria for an appeal in any student conduct or Title IX case are outlined in the Student Conduct Code. The appeals officer(s) will consider appeals requests narrowly, specific to the relevant criteria for appeal. If you are writing an appeal request and are unsure what the appeals criteria are or what they mean, you are encouraged to reach out to Student Conduct at conduct@chapman.edu.

What are the possible outcomes if either I or the other party appeals the outcome of the Title IX investigation?

According to the Student Sexual Misconduct Policy, appeals can be concluded in one of the following ways:

  • If the Dean of Students or designee determines that none of the appeals criteria have been met, they will deny the appeal request, thereby upholding the investigation report findings and sanctions (if applicable).
  • If the Dean of Students or designee determines that new information not previously available needs to be considered, the case will be remanded to the Title IX Coordinator, hearing officers(s) and/or designee. Parties will be allowed to respond to new information and new findings as the report is issued.
  • If the Dean of Students or designee determines that sanctions were unreasonably disproportionate to violation and respondent’s conduct history, new sanctions will be assigned.
  • If the Dean of Students or designee determines that there was a procedural error that had a significant impact on the outcome, the matter will be remanded to the Title IX Coordinator to remedy the error or that the Dean of Students or designee take other corrective action to remedy the error.
  • If the Dean of Students or designee determines that a conclusion of policy violation is not supported by the findings of fact, the Dean of Students or designee may reverse specific conclusion of policy violations. If applicable, new sanctions may be applied as well by the Dean of Students or designee.

How will I receive the final determination of the appeals process?

The Dean of Students or designee will provide the complainant and respondent written notification of the final determination as simultaneously as possible. This is usually communicated via Chapman email.